«

»

Mar 07

Colours in the modern Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

There are four colours in the modern Cavalier King Charles Spaniel:

Blenheim (named after Blenheim Palace)

Toby 3

 

Tan and white, sometimes with the “thumb-spot” between the ears.

 

This colour usually results from a mating of blenheim to blenheim or blenheim to tricolour, but can also result from tricolour to tricolour if the recessive blenheim gene is present in a parent.  It is good practice to introduce the tricolour gene in alternate generations at least, as if blenheim to blenheim is used in successive generations, the tan can become pale and lemony.  Blenheim is the most resessive gene in cavaliers.

 

Tricolour

Heronbank Zenith

 

As the name might suggest, this is three colours, black and white with tan markings over eyebrows, on cheeks, inside ears and under tail.

 

This colour usually results from a mating of blenheim to tricolour, or tricolour to tricolour.  The tricolour gene is dominant over the blenheim and ruby genes.

 

The Blenheims and Tricolours are known as Party-colours.

 

Black and tan

Heronbank Cavaliers - Merlin

 

 

Predominantly black with tan markings over eyebrows, on cheeks, inside ears and under tail.

 

This colour usually results from a mating of ruby to black and tan, or black and tan to black and tan.  The black and tan gene is dominant over all the other colour genes.

 

Ruby

 

Amber

 

All over tan.

 

This colour usually results from a mating of ruby to ruby or ruby to black and tan.  The ruby gene, is a recessive gene but is dominant to blenheim.

.

 

The Black & Tans and Rubies are known as Whole-colours.

 

A Summary of the various colour combinations follows:-

BLENHEIM TRICOLOUR BLACK & TAN RUBY
BLENHEIM THIS IS THE WEAKEST GENE AND THIS MATING WILL ALWAYS PRODUCE BLENHEIM PUPPIES – WHICH WILL GET PALER IN SUCCESSIVE GENERATIONS UNLESS A TRICOLOUR IS INTRODUCED FROM TIME TO TIME BLENHEIM AND TRICOLOUR PUPPIES WOULD NORMALLY RESULT FROM THIS MATING BLACK & TAN IS THE MOST DOMINANT GENE, AND THIS MATING WILL PREDOMINANTLY PRODUCE BLACK AND TAN PUPPIES, ALTHOUGH RUBIES, TRICOLOURS AND BLENHEIMS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. THIS MATING, BETWEEN THE TWO WEAKEST GENES, CAN ONLY PRODUCE BLENHEIM AND RUBY PUPPIES – WHICH WILL GET PALER IN SUCCESSIVE GENERATIONS UNLESS A TRICOLOUR OR BLACK AND TAN IS INTRODUCED FROM TIME TO TIME
TRICOLOUR BLENHEIM AND TRICOLOUR PUPPIES WOULD NORMALLY RESULT FROM THIS MATING BLENHEIM AND TRICOLOUR PUPPIES CAN RESULT FROM THIS MATING BLACK & TAN IS THE MOST DOMINANT GENE, AND THIS MATING WILL PREDOMINANTLY PRODUCE BLACK AND TAN PUPPIES, ALTHOUGH RUBIES, TRICOLOURS AND BLENHEIMS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. TRICOLOUR IS THE DOMINANT GENE OVER RUBY, AND THIS MATING WILL PREDOMINANTLY PRODUCE TRICOLOUR PUPPIES, ALTHOUGH RUBIES, BLACK AND TANS AND BLENHEIMS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE.
BLACK & TAN BLACK & TAN IS THE MOST DOMINANT GENE, AND THIS MATING WILL PREDOMINANTLY PRODUCE BLACK AND TAN PUPPIES, ALTHOUGH RUBIES, TRICOLOURS AND BLENHEIMS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. BLACK & TAN IS THE MOST DOMINANT GENE, AND THIS MATING WILL PREDOMINANTLY PRODUCE BLACK AND TAN PUPPIES, ALTHOUGH RUBIES, TRICOLOURS AND BLENHEIMS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. BLACK & TAN IS THE MOST DOMINANT GENE, AND THIS MATING WILL NORMALLY PRODUCE BLACK AND TAN PUPPIES ALTHOUGH RUBY PUPPIES ARE A POSSIBILITY THIS MATING CAN PRODUCE ALL BLACK AND TANS, BEING THE DOMINANT GENE, OR A MIX OF BLACK & TANS AND RUBIES
RUBY THIS MATING, BETWEEN THE TWO WEAKEST GENES, CAN ONLY PRODUCE BLENHEIM AND RUBY PUPPIES – WHICH WILL GET PALER IN SUCCESSIVE GENERATIONS UNLESS A TRICOLOUR OR BLACK AND TAN IS INTRODUCED FROM TIME TO TIME TRICOLOUR IS THE DOMINANT GENE OVER RUBY, AND THIS MATING WILL PREDOMINANTLY PRODUCE TRICOLOUR PUPPIES, ALTHOUGH RUBIES, BLACK AND TANS AND BLENHEIMS ARE POSSIBLE. THIS MATING CAN PRODUCE ALL BLACK AND TANS, BEING THE DOMINANT GENE, OR A MIX OF BLACK & TANS AND RUBIES THIS IS THE WEAKEST GENE OF THE WHOLE COLOURS AND THIS MATING WILL ALWAYS PRODUCE RUBY PUPPIES – WHICH WILL GET PALER IN SUCCESSIVE GENERATIONS UNLESS A BLACK AND TAN IS INTRODUCED FROM TIME TO TIME